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Selecting and Using Janitorial Equipment

Powered janitorial equipment includes powered floor scrubbers, burnishers, carpet extractors, vacuum cleaners, power washers, and other powered cleaning equipment.

Building managers should select equipment that, at a minimum, meets the following specifications:

  • Vacuum cleaners should meet, at a minimum, the Carpet and Rug Institute (CRI) Green
  • Label or Seal of Approval (SOA) Program requirements and should operate at a sound level of less than 70 dBA.
  • Carpet extraction equipment should meet at a minimum the Carpet and Rug Institute (CRI) Bronze Seal of Approval.
  • Powered floor maintenance equipment should be equipped with controls or other devices for capturing and collecting particulates and should operate at a sound level less than 70 dBA.
  • Propane-powered floor equipment should have low-emission engines certified by the California Air Resources Board under the Small Off-Road Engines or Equipment (SORE) program, and should be equipped with catalytic and exhaust monitoring systems in addition to other requirements for floor equipment set out in the section.
  • Current in-use propane-powered equipment should only be used when the building is unoccupied and under conditions allowing for as much air circulation and exchange as possible.
  • Powered scrubbing machines should be equipped with a control method for variable rate dispensing to optimise the use of cleaning fluids.

Other considerations for equipment selection include the following:

  • To accommodate people with sensitivities, consider vacuums with High-Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filtration capable of trapping 99.97% of all airborne particles 0.3 microns and larger entering the vacuum. In some cases, it is preferable to use vacuums with a beater bar to increase the amount of soil removal on certain carpet types.
  • Floor machines should have guards and filters.

In the selection of all equipment, it is preferable to select those that are durable, energy-efficient and quiet, as compared to less durable, less efficient, and noisier alternatives. Appendix C also discusses powered equipment.

Other Cleaning Categories and further reading

A variety of cleaners are available in the market depending on the skills and expertise required. Some of the common types are listed below.

Further information about Cleaning:

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